Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed Information and Personality Traits

Quick learners and adaptable, Miniature Schnauzers can be just as happy living in a city apartment or in the country. These spunky dogs are socialable and need to be included in family activities.

Miniature Schnauzer At a glance
The Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed

The original purpose of the Miniature Schnauzer was to catch rats on farms. Schnauzer means beard.


Weight Range:

Male: 11-18 lbs.
Female: 10-15 lbs.

Height at Withers:

Male: 14 in.

Female: 13 in.


Semi-prick ears (naturally).


Exercise Requirements: 20-40 minutes/day.
Energy Level: Average.
Longevity Range: 12-14 years
Tendency to Drool: Low. Tendency to Snore: Low.
Tendency to Bark: High.
Tendency to Dig: Moderate. Social/Attention Needs: High.

Bred For:



Length: Medium.
Characteristics: Double coat, hard coat.
Colors: Salt and pepper, black and silver, black
Overall Grooming Needs: Moderate.

Club Recognition:

AKC Classification: Terrier.
UKC Classification: Terrier.
Prevalence: Common

Miniature Schnauzers are square-bodied dogs with wiry coats.

Males stand 12 to 14 inches tall and weigh 11 to 18 pounds (5 to 8 kilograms); females stand from 11 to 13 inches tall and weigh 10 to 15 pounds (5 to 7 kilograms).

The dog's rectangular head is adorned with bushy eyebrows, a walrus-like mustache and a luxuriant beard. The ears are often cropped to stand erect. If left uncropped, the ears fold forward.

Most Miniature Schnauzers have salt-and-pepper coats, but some are solid black and others are black and silver.


Miniature Schnauzers are hardy, alert, spunky little dogs. They can be feisty and may put on a show of scrappiness when confronted by dogs they do not know.

The playfulness of miniature schnauzers makes them ideal for families with well-behaved children. They are also known for being obedient, quick to learn and devoted to their human packs.

Living With:

Miniature Schnauzers are adaptable. They can be just as happy living in a city apartment getting a couple of walks each day as they can be on a country estate with lots of room to run.

Because the breed is somewhat fearless around other dogs, it is important to introduce a Miniature Schnauzer to other dogs while still a puppy.

Miniature Schnauzers are sociable dogs that love to be with their people. Their deepest need is to be fully included in family activities, whether those activities center on watching television or going out for a run.

Because they do not shed, these dogs are ideal for people who are allergic to other breeds. However, they need to be groomed regularly; frequent brushing, hair and nail trimming, and periodic clipping and stripping are necessary.

Miniature Schnauzers age gracefully; they do not show signs of age until late in life. The average life expectancy is 12 to 14 years.


Miniature Schnauzers are hardy, merry little dogs that were first bred in Germany in the late 19th century. They are descendants of Affenpinschers and Standard Schnauzers. Not only is he the smallest and most popular of the Schnauzers, but also the only Terrier not originating from European Isle stock.

The word schnauzer means beard. The original purpose of the Miniature Schnauzer was to catch rats on farms. Today, however, the Miniature Schnauzer's main mission in life is to bring companionship and joy to the people fortunate enough to live with this cheerful dog.

In 1933 the Miniature Schnauzer was recognized as a separate breed from the Standard Schnauzer by the AKC. At one time the miniature schnauzer was the third most popular breed in America, and it remains a favorite.

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