Can Dogs Catch a Cold or Get the Flu?
What about the Coronavirus?
There is no current evidence that dogs, cats or other pets can spread the human version of the virus. The World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) has issued a very helpful advisory document available at WSAVA Advisory Document which is regularly updated, and could assist in answering questions, including specific Q&A. If you still have concerns, it’s best to talk to your veterinarian.
Should I Be Worried If My Pet Is Coughing?
If your pet is coughing, has a fever, is lethargic which are signs similar to those caused by COVID-19 in humans, please schedule an appointment with your veterinarian, as pets can have other diseases that could impact their health, including influenza, kennel cough, feline upper respiratory infections, heart failure, bronchitis, pneumonia and heartworm disease — just to name a few. Some of these may be caused by other viruses, but what's important to know is that these viruses or diseases are not associated with COVID-19 and there is no evidence, according to the CDC that a dog, cat or any pet can transmit COVID-19.
Can a Dog Get a Cold from a Human?
Achoo! Are you sneezing? Do you have a stuffy nose or a sore throat? In humans, colds appear after a person comes in contact with another human infected with a virus. Other symptoms, besides sneezing, a sore throat, or a stuffy nose, include watery eyes or excess mucus in the nose and throat. So, can a dog get a cold from you?
Here's some great news: If you're sick and your pup wants to give you a smooch and cuddle to raise your spirits, you don't have to turn them away. Some infections, viruses, or even bacteria are species-specific, which is why you don't need to worry about sharing a common cold. A human cold can only affect humans. It cannot be transmitted to animals, says PetMD.
Can a dog get a cold from another dog? Unfortunately, the answer to that is yes. While you may not be able to pass your cold to your pet, that doesn't mean another dog's sneezing can't get your pup sick. In fact, many of your dog's symptoms will mimic a human's. According to PetMD, "While there are differences in the types of viruses that infect humans versus dogs, the symptoms are basically the same: sneezing, coughing, runny or stuffy nose, watery eyes." There are many types of viruses that dogs can spread to each other. Let's take a look at one of the most common dog colds:
A highly contagious respiratory disease, kennel cough is often contracted when dogs are boarded or spend time in a place with numerous dogs, such as a dog show or training class. The worst part is your dog doesn't even need to come into direct contact with an infected dog. The virus can live on items, such as on water bowls or on favourite toys the dog may have left some saliva on. According to Vetstreet, "A blaring, hacking cough like a goose honk is the most common sign [of kennel cough]. Affected dogs will often retch and gag, as if trying to dislodge something from their throats." Dogs that come in contact with kennel cough will usually show symptoms within four to ten days. Treatment includes anything from watching and waiting to a prescription of antibiotics.
Can Dogs Get the Flu from Humans?
While the human flu shares similar symptoms with the common cold, if your body is feeling achy and you have a fever, there's a chance you have a more serious condition–influenza. The flu virus is spread from one person to another person, so make sure to cover your coughs and sneezes. Unlike a common cold, which resolves rather quickly, the flu lasts longer and can develop into more serious conditions, such as pneumonia, says the American Lung Association.
You'll be happy to know that similar to the common cold, your dog won't get the flu if a human member of the household is sick. However, there is a canine-specific influenza you should be aware of.
The dog flu, also known as canine influenza, is a respiratory infection like the human condition. According to the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), "The first strain reported in the United States, beginning in 2004, was an H3N8 influenza A virus ... In 2015, an outbreak that started in Chicago was caused by a separate canine influenza virus, H3N2." Symptoms of the dog flu are similar to the human flu. Your dog may experience a lingering cough that lasts anywhere from ten to thirty days. They may begin sneezing, become feverish, or discharge may appear from your dog's eyes or nose. Your pet will likely be prescribed an antibiotic or other medicine to treat the canine influenza. Be aware: There are necessary steps to take to ensure other animals in your home do not become ill as well. AVMA says, "Dogs with canine influenza should be isolated to prevent transmission of the virus to other dogs or, in the case of H3N2, cats."
A Trip to the Vet
You obviously want to protect your dog just like you'd protect your human children. However, if your pup is feeling under the weather, you may not know how to best take care of them. Taking care of a sick dog is similar to taking care of an ill child.
First, if you suspect your dog is sick in any way, contact your veterinarian for advice on how to proceed. Sick animals should always be examined by a vet to determine the cause and begin treatment. One recommendation your vet will most likely share is for your dog to get plenty of rest. Rest is vital to your pup's recovery. This is something they probably won't have much issue with as they won't feel great, but it is something that should be known to the rest of the household, especially children. Until they are feeling better they won't feel like playing or going on walks. Luckily, since the virus doesn't pass from dogs to humans you can give all the love and care they need, so they know you're there to help them get better. Though your pet might not feel well, it's important to keep them hydrated, too. So, keep the water bowl full and encourage them to drink.
With a little rest, relaxation, healthy meals, lots of water, and maybe some medicine, your dog will be back to their regular, playful self in no time!
Erin Ollila is a pet enthusiast who believes in the power of words and how a message can inform–and even transform–its intended audience. Her writing can be found all over the internet and in print. Reach out to her on Twitter @ReinventingErin or learn more about her at http://erinollila.com.